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Immunization Toolkit: Emergency Protocols

Emergency Protocols

All providers administering immunizations should be prepared to manage potential adverse reactions following vaccination. Written emergency protocols should be established and followed in the event of adverse events. In order to ensure proper emergency care for patients, all immunization providers should have necessary equipment and medications available and are required to be certified in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). 

Click here for additional information about the provider's role in vaccine administration via the CDC's website.


Immunization Action Coalition (IAC)

The IAC is a non-profit organization that creates and distributes educational materials for healthcare professionals and patients to facilitate safe and effective vaccine practices. The IAC has established useful resources for providers regarding the medical management of vaccine reactions in adult patients as well as children and teens. These emergency medical protocols include specific management strategies for local reactions, psychological barriers and syncope as well as anaphylactic reactions.


These resources also include suggested medications and supplies that should be available at all immunization sites.

Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS)

VAERS is a vaccine safety surveillance program that provides a mechanism to report, analyze and disseminate vaccine related adverse effects to the public. Providers are encouraged to report all adverse events associated with vaccines to VAERS.

Click here to access the VAERS website.

  • The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act (NCVIA) requires all healthcare providers to report all adverse effects listed by the manufacturer as a contraindication to further doses or any event listed in the VAERS Table of Reportable Events Following Vaccination. You may access this table by clicking here.
Click here to go back to the Immunization Toolkit.
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